Monday, October 10, 2016

Recent Option Transaction

option strategy, put option, write puts, dividend growth investing
Digital Realty (DLR) Nov 18 $80 Strike Put Option
As part of running this blog that chronicles my journey to financial independence I like to be open and honest with all of my transactions.  Typically that revolves around buying shares of high quality companies that I deem to be at fair value or less.  And occasionally there's a sale of a company like when I closed one of my positions earlier this month.  Being open about the moves I make allows for better discussion with all of you and helps spread ideas around.  If it creates my own "investment journal" to detail why I made the move and my expectations, well that's even better.  

Over the last couple weeks many higher yield companies have seen their share prices pull back 5-10%.  My guess is that's partially related to interest rate hike fears, but I can't help but think it's also due to the over-exuberance for anything with a yield that had pushed valuations to pretty lofty levels.  Whatever the reason we have to deal with where we're at now though.

I'm still not too excited about putting capital to work in the markets directly so I've been heading to the options market to get exposure that way.  The great thing about selling put options is that if done correctly you get the best of both worlds where you can earn a synthetic dividend or you get to purchase shares at a discount.

Digital Realty Trust (DLR) is one of those companies I've long sought after, but haven't been able to add to my portfolio for various reasons.  From 9/28 to 10/7 Digital Realty's share price has declined over 8% despite no significant news coming out.  Luckily for me that means the option premiums are a bit juiced due to the recent volatility.

What'd I Do?

On Friday I sold to open 1 put contract on Digital Realty Trust.

Let's go over the pertinent details and then move on to the various ways this can play out.

Company: Digital Realty Trust (DLR)
Date Opened: 10/7/2016
Expiration Date: 11/18/2016
Strike Price: $80.00
Price of Contract: $0.60
Premium Received less Commission/Fees: $52.00
Share Price at Time Contract Sold: ~$91.40

How can this play out?

For those that don't know much about options I'll cover the general gist of a put option.  Essentially I'm selling someone the right to sell me 100 shares of a company at an agreed upon price, the strike price, on or before the contract expiration date.  However, I'm not going to just do that for free so I receive the option premium up front.  Think of the option premium as an insurance premium payment.

If the share price stays above the strike price, $80, then the put option would be out of the money and therefore unexecutable.  So I would just keep the premium and go on the look for other places to invest my capital.  On the $8,000 in cash that the contract represents that's a solid 0.65% return.  On an annualized basis that works out to a 5.65% return.  

Of course the share price could keep declining and if it drops below $80.00 then I would likely have to purchase the shares for $80.00 per share.  That would suck; however, the option premium actually gives me further downside protection.  If I have to purchase the shares my effective purchase price would be $79.48.  So I'd get to purchase the shares at a 13.0% discount to the share price when I sold the contract.

In my book that's a win win.

There's one other scenario that can play out and that's if Digital Realty's share price makes a big move higher prior to the expiration date.  In that case I would likely buy back my put option to close out the position and lock in the remaining premium.

In graphical form this is how the put option looks.

put option, option strategy, dividend growth investing
Digital Realty Trust (DLR) November 18, 2016 $80 Strike Put Option Profit/Loss Graph

As you can see from the graph my profit is capped at the premium I received.  My loss though is technically capped at a complete loss of the $8,000k in the situation of Digital Realty going bankrupt between now and expiration.  I'd call that essentially a non-issue.  

Like I mentioned earlier I'm a big fan of Digital Realty.  In case you don't know much about them they are a real estate investment trust that specializes in data centers.  The combination of fast growth technology and stable real estate sounds like a great situation to me. 

Even though I'd love to add shares of Digital Realty to my portfolio, cash is a bit tight so just collecting option premiums is my preferred way for this to work out.  Although if I do have to purchase the shares that's fine by me.  

At my purchase price of $79.48 Digital Realty would need to grow the dividend at just 3.4% per year to justify an 8% rate of return.  For a 10% return the dividend only needs to grow at 5.3% per year.   Even better is that in late July management announced another solid earnings report and boosted its 2016 guidance to $5.65-5.75 FFO per share.  My purchase price would be for a P/FFO between 13.8-14.1 based on managements guidance range. 

So yeah, I'm happy either way this works out.

I've updated my Option Summary page to reflect this change.

Do you incorporate an option strategy with your portfolio by selling covered calls or writing puts?

Please share your thoughts below!

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  1. I think is a really great strategy given where the market is. I've been thinking of writing some puts on MO. DLR is also a stock on my watchlist as well. Great post!

    1. Greg,

      I'm leaning more towards doing options on dividend growth companies as my base strategy as opposed to just outright purchases. Obviously though that's only if the valuations are elevated, as I feel they are right now. Normally I'd probably be a bit more aggressive on that with a tighter strike price, but cash is a bit tight so I needed more downside protection.

      All the best.

  2. It looks like you paid about 8 bucks a contract for your options trade. Better pricing is available at Options House and Interactive Brokers. I use IB and like it best.

    1. FV,

      Yeah I'm in the process of trying to move cash over to my second brokerage and I'm likely rolling my 401k over to an IRA at IB. I'd love to get more assets over at IB but I'm going to start with just the IRA and see how things go. Got to love those low commissions.

      Thanks for stopping by!